Orthopedic seats are one of the most popular groups of products in the field of orthopedic equipment being used to stabilize the patient in a sitting position. It seems reasonable to select the orthopedic equipment in accordance with normal development, first in a sitting position and later also in a standing position. An indispensable feature of orthopedic equipment must be its ability to adapt to the individual needs of a child, which is often associated with a large range of regulation due to dynamic developmental changes (e.g. growth).
Why and for whom are orthopedic seats dedicated?
A properly selected orthopedic seat, adjusted to the user's anatomical conditions, should allow for the following purposes:
1. Getting the correct position of the body in a sitting position - positioning and stabilization in a sitting position
2. Improving the cognitive functions of the nervous system.
The main advantage of taking a higher position than lying down is its beneficial effects on the circulatory, respiratory and nervous systems.
The psychological benefits of a sitting position cannot be forgotten. Thanks to obtaining a sitting position, the patient gets to know the world better by easier perception of visual-auditory stimuli. Through the sitting position, we improve the eye-hand coordination as well as the manipulative functions of the hand. We improve head control, thanks to which we can more easily work on the language and develop speech, and above all, we enable interaction in everyday activities (e.g. shared breakfast of children and parents at one table).
In the process of rehabilitation with the use of an orthopedic seat, it is very important to remove pathological patterns and conduct it in such a way that the created new patterns are as close to the correct ones as possible. They are to prevent the development of the pathological position of individual body parts.
By maintaining an appropriate sitting position, we preserve the effects of the therapists' hard work and prevent the consolidation of incorrect movement patterns during breaks in improvement. Comprehensive rehabilitation means the necessary cooperation between doctors, physiotherapists and parents in the treatment of a child. The shared knowledge of the rehabilitation team should also help in selecting a specific rehabilitation device
Appropriate sit down positioning should include:
Orthopedic seats are most often used in the following diseases: cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophies, paralysis of various origins, spinal bifurcation, meningeal hernias, conditions after spinal injuries, conditions after craniocerebral injuries, conditions after stroke, postural defects, in particular scoliosis of the spine when no other care is used.